Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act
Since the announcement and implementation of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act (the Act) on July 1, 2015, Taiwan's greenhouse gas reduction system has been gradually established. Due to severe global climate change and the increasing demand for carbon reduction in the industrial supply chain worldwide, countries around the world have reviewed their actions in response to climate change based on the framework of the Paris Agreement, and actively carried out work related to mitigation, adaptation, technology, funding, capacity building, and transparency, continuing to propose the goal of net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
The current provisions of the Act focus on greenhouse gas reduction management. To be in line with international standards, take into account the needs of sustainable development, adapt to the impact of global climate change, and build a resilient system, Taiwan has to strengthen its adaptation actions, reduce the impact of climate change, incorporate international carbon pricing experience for levying carbon tax, and develop low-carbon technologies as well as incentive systems for the industries and the economy, so that the goal of net-zero emission can be achieved.
To accelerate carbon reduction and promote net-zero transformation in line with international trends, as well as to adapt to the impact of global climate change and build a resilient system, the Environmental Protection Administration of Exacutive Yuan(EPA) has been promoting the amendment of the Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Management Act since 2020, and has proposed four major directions, including strengthening emission management, completing economic incentives, confirming the division of authority between ministries and departments, and introducing adaption measures before tabling the draft, and had communicated with legislators, experts and scholars, NGOs and representatives of major industries, using internet platform “Climate Talks” to acquire public opinion.
After considering the advice from all sectors of the society, the EPA promulgated the draft amendment of the Act on October 21 2021, later discussed with the legislators, experts and scholars, NGOs, and representatives of major industries on December 20-23 2021 and January 10 2022 about the content of the draft in-depth to forge consensus, and then revise the draft with reference to the suggestions from all sectors of the society, and submit the draft to the Executive Yuan for approval on February 7 2022.
After being reviewed by inter-ministerial meetings convened by the Executive Yuan, the draft amendment was approved by the 3,799th meeting of the Executive Yuan on April 21 2022 and submitted to the Legislative Yuan for deliberation. Later on May 11 and May 12 of the same year, the draft amendment was exanimated by Social Welfare and Environmental Hygiene Committee during the 5th session of the 10th Legislative Yuan.
Yong-an Fish Harbor
How Taiwan promote climate actions
The Act establishes a hierarchical promotion structure for the central government, ministries, departments and local governments. The EPA will discuss with the Bureau of Energy of Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Industrial Development Bureau of Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Transportation and Communications, the Ministry of the Interior, and the Council of Agriculture of Exacutive Yuan to develop a national-level “Climate Change Action Guideline” and “Greenhouse Gas Reduction Action Plan”, which are then submitted to the Executive Yuan for approval, formulating the principles and policies for Taiwan’s greenhouse gas reduction. The implementation of the Action Plan needs to be further carried out through the “Emission Control Action Programs” of the six major sectors, including the energy sector, manufacturing sector, transportation sector, residential and commercial sector, agriculture sector and environment sector, as well as the “Greenhouse Gas Control Implementation Plan” formulated by local governments based on regional characteristics to propose specific reduction policies and measures.
Yongan Fish Harbor
National Climate Change Action Guideline
The EPA formulated the "National Climate Change Action Guideline " (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Guideline") in accordance with Paragraph 1, Article 9 of the Act, which was approved by the Executive Yuan on February 23, 2017, serving as the principles for promoting Taiwan's greenhouses gas mitigation and climate change adaptation policies. The Action Guideline takes into account the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. It upholds the spirit of taking both mitigation and adaptation into consideration, and sets out 10 basic principles for Taiwan to respond to climate change. The policy includes 6 major sectors of greenhouse gas reduction, 8 major areas of climate change adaptation, and supporting measures. It also launched cross-departmental response actions, hoping to gradually improve Taiwan’s capability in coping with climate change, and striving to achieve Taiwan’s long-term greenhouse gas reduction goals to ensure sustainable development of the nation.
10 Basic Principles
Laomei Green Reef
National Greenhouse Gas Reduction Action Plan
The EPA formulated the "Greenhouse Gas Reduction Action Plan" (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Plan") in accordance with Paragraph 1, Article 9 of the Greenhouse Gas Management Act. The Action Plan sets up the division of authority and responsibilities, policy guidelines, and the evaluation indicators of implementation effectiveness for cross-departmental reduction strategies (8 major cross-departmental supporting measures including cap, environmental tax system, green finance and green energy industry, impact analysis and technology R&D, information diffusion and subsidies, climate talent cultivation and awareness enhancement, regulation review and amendment, and sound mitigation finance mechanisms) and the reduction policies of the six major sectors (including energy sector, manufacturing sector, transportation sector, residential and commercial sector, agriculture sector and environment sector), hoping to integrate the capacities of various ministries and departments to jointly carry out the carbon reduction work. In addition, a rolling review mechanism is adopted every 5 years, serving as a strengthening measure to help achieve the carbon reduction target year by year. The First Action Plan (2016-2020) was approved by the Executive Yuan on March 22 2018, while the Second Action Plan (2021-2025) was approved on January 10 2022.